Amritsar


Amritsar
  • Golden Temple_Night View
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Amritsar Info
  • State: Punjab
  • Famous for/as: Pilgrimage
  • Altitude: 218 M
  • Pincode: 143001
  • District: Amritsar
  • Language: Hindi,Punjabi
  • STD code: 0183
  • Weather: Summer 24 To 45°C, Winter 4 To 27°C
Attraction in Amritsar
Hotels in Amritsar
Best Time to Visit
  • Jan
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Amritsar is one of the most ancient and sacred cities of India. Abode of the famous Golden Temple, it is the centre of Sikh history and culture. Amritsar is also a prime and popular pilgrim destination in India.

Amritsar is situated in the Langar district of the state of Punjab in the northwestern part of India. It lies at a distance of about 217 km from Chandigarh and 32 km from Lahore in Pakistan. The best time to visit Amritsar is from October to March.

Tourists must visit Amritsar during the festival of Baisakhi. One of the most significant festivals celebrated in Amritsar, Baisakhi a harvest festival and it is when the whole of Amritsar celebrates the New Year. Locals, dressed in their finest, new clothes, eat, dance and make merry. The day has an auspicious start as Sikhs first visit the gurudwara to offer their respects, which is followed by a traditional lunch. Amritsar also has a procession that travels across the city.

Amritsar was once the gateway for people who travelled to India through overland route from Central Asia. But nowadays, the ancient city of Amritsar is remembered mostly by its grim political history. The tragic episode of the Jallianwala Bagh Massacre that took place on April 13, 1919, when India was under British Rule, changed the destiny of India. Amritsar also witnessed Operation Blue Star in the year 1984 under the late Prime Minister of India, Indira Gandhi.

With rise in tourism and development of the hospitality industry, Amritsar witnessed rapid urban growth. It became a prominent hub for commercial activities and medicare for North India.

Hari Mandir, or the Darbar Sahib, or the Golden Temple, is the chief tourist attraction of Amritsar. The Golden Temple was founded by Guru Ramdas, who was the fourth Guru of the Sikhs. The construction of the Golden Temple, however, was completed under the supervision of Guru Arjan Dev, the successor of Guru Ramdas.

The Golden Temple is a large complex with many sections in it like Darshani Deori, Amrit Sarovar, Harmandir Sahib, Akal Takht and Central Sikh Museum.  The Central Sikh Museum houses a huge collection of paintings that depicts the history and culture of the Sikhs.

Jallianwala Bagh Garden near the Golden Temple, which is the silent monument of the massacre of 1919, is also a tourist spot. Other popular attractions of Amritsar are the Mata Temple and the Summer Palace of Maharaja Ranjit Singh.

Various historical and religious sites in Amritsar make it a prime travel destination. There are many popular Gurudwaras near Amritsar, which are Baba Bakala, Goindwal Sahib, Tarn Taran and Baba Sahib. An outing to the Wagah checkpost on the Indo-Pakistan border has also become a popular tourist place in Amritsar. A trip to the lush green countryside of Punjab can also be taken from Amritsar.