Sanchi, located in Raisen District, is a small village, which is renowned for its Buddha stupas and monuments. It is located at the footsteps of a hill and recognised for several Buddhist monuments. The destination has numerous monasteries, stupas, pillars, holy shrines that are here from the 3rd century BC to the 12th century AD. The carvings on monuments reflect Buddhist myths and the culture of Sanchi at the time.
The erstwhile name of Sanchi was Vidishagiri, which was a hub of merchants. In the 2nd century BCE, Pusyamitra Sunga, the ruler of the place is believed to have destructed the main stupa, which was later restored by his son Agnimitra. Asoka, the emperor, built the giant stupa in the 3rd century. The gateways and the banister were built during the Satavahana Period.
Most of the temples of Sanchi were built during the 12th century. In spite of being a place of Buddhist importance, it is believed that Buddha never visited Sanchi in his lifetime. In 1818, the centre of Hinayana Buddhism was rediscovered by archaeologists.
Sanchi has many significant places that attract several pilgrims, tourists and historians to throng to this place. Sites like Gupta Temple, the Great Bowl, Sanchi Museum, Buddhist Vihara, Stupa (I, II, III), the eastern gateway, the northern gateway and Ashoka pillar with historical and religious importance in the history of India, are some of the popular tourist spots in Sanchi.
Sanchi Stupa I was built in the 3rd century, with a diameter of 36.5 and a height of 16.4 meter with a colossal hemispherical dome on the top. Sanchi Stupa II, built in the 2nd century, is located at the periphery of the hill over an artificial podium, which can be commonly seen in every Stupa. The Stupa also enshrines the vestiges of the two Buddhist gurus, namely Kasyapagotra and Suvijayita. Apart from historical and religious sites, Sanchi is visited for its landscapes as well.
The nearest airport to Sanchi is Raja Bhoj Airport in Bhopal located at a distance of 46 kilometres. Bhopal airport is connected to cities like Mumbai, Delhi, Indore, Jabalpur, and Gwalior. Taxis and cabs are available from the airport to Sanchi. The nearest railhead to the city is Bhopal railway station, which is nearly 50 kilometres from Sanchi. The best time to visit Sanchi is from October to March. However, November and February are religious festival months of Sanchi.