Bijapur is a city as well as headquarters of the Bijapur district situated in the north-western part of Karnataka. It is situated about 530 km from the capital city Bangalore. This town is famous for its monuments built during the Dynasty of Adil Shahi, including the renowned Gol Gumbaz, along with ancient Islamic architecture and cultural value.
Solapur of Maharashtra surrounds the district of Bijapur on the northern side and Sangli district lies on the north-western side. The other districts bordering the regions are Belgaum on the western side and Bagalkote on the southern side.
Established in the 10th and 11th century by the Chalukyas of Kalyani as Vijayapura, the region of Bijapur was later conquered by the Sultan of Delhi, Allaudin Khilji, in the 13th century. The Bahamani Empire of Gulburga took over the city in 1347.
The founder of the independent region of Bijapur was Yusuf Adil Shah. However, in the year 1686, the rule on this region was ended on the arrival of Mirza Raja Jai Singh under the reign of Aurungzeb, the Mughal Emperor.
One of the most popular festivals celebrated here is the Bijapur Music Festival, which is a musical bonanza that is held every year and is organised by the Government of Karnataka. Other than this, the fair of Shri Siddheshwar Temple is held during the festival of Makar Sankranti. The Siddeshwar Temple is also a popular tourist destination.
One of the most popular destinations here is Gol Gumbaz that is also known by the name of Gola Gummata. It is considered to be the second largest dome in the world consisting of echo chambers and the tomb of Mohammed Adil Shah.
The other popular places include the Jumma Masjid built by Adil Shah and Ibrahim Rauza, which is the tomb of Ibrahim Adil Shah II who was the fifth king of the Adil Shah Dynasty. These places are said to be the inspiration behind the Taj Mahal.
The worlds largest cannon belonging to the medieval period, the Malik-e-Maidan is located at Kollur. The pilgrim centre of the 12th century poet and reformer, Saint Basaveshwara, is located at Kudalasangama, 67 km from Bijapur.
The best time to visit Bijapur is the winter season from the months of October to February.