Hazaribagh city lies in the state of Jharkhand. The word Hazaribagh comes from two words - Hazar and bagira. Hazar literally translates to 1000 while bagira translates to cat. Therefore, the literal meaning of the name of the city is the city of 1000 cats.
Hazaribagh was a cantonment from 1790 to 1884. Hazaribagh flourished under the British Rule and what resulted was a planned city. Today, that part of Hazaribagh is the Boddam Bazaar. Boddam Bazaar is named after the officer by whom it was planned.
The settlement of the Bengali community was another significant event during the British Rule in Hazaribagh in the 19th century. Some of the personalities which played a hand in shaping up Hazaribagh were Ray Bahadur Mukherjee, Manmathanath Dasgupta, Keshub Chander Sen and Rai Bahadur Surendra Nath Roy.
Ray Bahadur Mukherjee is credited with starting the Brahmo Samaj here and a lot of girls schools. Hazaribagh is also known to house some important educational institutions of the bygone era. Most of these institutions were started by the Dublin Mission, which worked with the support of Trinity College.
Coal reserves form the major chunk of revenue for this city. In fact, Hazaribagh has the second highest coal reserves in the state of Jharkhand. Coal mining has picked up speed in the recent past and a number of power projects have been undertaken by the government organisations like NTPC and Coal India Limited.
Hazaribagh has a cool climate, with summers being warm and the winters being cold. The temperature during the summer months hovers at about 30-32° Celsius. Other than being home to some important missionaries in the past, Hazaribagh has tourist attractions too.
Some of the tourist attractions of Hazaribagh are the Hazaribagh National park, Canary Hill, Panchmandir and the Narsingh Temple. The Hazaribagh National Park is a protected area which is home to animals like bears, sambhar, leopards, etc. There is also the Barso Pani Cave here to visit. Myth has it that it starts raining every time somebody enters the cave and shouts Barso Pani.
The town of Hazaribagh is linked by road to cities like Ranchi, which is 91 km from Hazaribagh, Gaya at a distance of 130 km, Dhanbad at 128 km, Daltongunj around 198 km away, Patna 235 km and Calcutta at a distance of 434 km through Asansol- Govindapur - Barhi.