Dumka, which is also known by the name of Naga Dumka is a town located in the north-eastern part of the state of Jharkhand. It is also a major agricultural trade centre with the river Mor on the western side. It was in the year 1903 that Dumka was announced as a municipal town.
The Mughals named the town Dumka because of its unique location and landscape. The name Dumka actually means skirt of hills as the town is surrounded by hills on all sides. The presence of fast flowing rivers such as Ajoy and Mayurakshi, provide opportunities of adventure sports such as rafting and parasailing.
The popularity of tourism in Dumka can be attributed to the forest covers in the region along with unexplored hinterlands and open spaces. People living here are very simple in terms of their culture and dress that represents their tribal culture.
Some of the popular attractions of Dumka include the sacred Hindu pilgrimage of Baba Basukinath Dham and the temple dedicated to Lord Shiva, which is named as Baisukinath temple. Malooti is a place in Dumka with cultural, archaeological and historical importance. The other temple dedicated to Lord Shiva here includes the Baba Sumeshwar Nath temple that receives huge attention during the event of Shiv Ratri.
The Massanjore dam located across the Mayurakshi River was built using Canadian aid because of which it is also known as Canada Dam. The dam is about 2170 feet long and 155 feet high.
The nearest airport to Dumka is located about 241 kilometres from the town, which is in Ranchi. Dumka does not have any railway station of its own, therefore, the only way of reaching here through train is by Jamtara, which is the nearest railway station located around 60 kilometres from Dumka.
The railways station of Jamtara connects different cities like Jamshedpur, Amritsar, Kolkata and Hatia. The town of Dumka is well connected to many other neighbouring regions through roadways, as bus services are regularly available towards Ranchi, Jamshedpur and Jamtara from Dumka.
Dumka has a tropical climate with extremely hot summers and cold winters. The temperature here in summers goes up to 41⁰ Celsius whereas in winters the average temperature is around 28⁰ Celsius. The best time to visit Dumka is between the months of February to April.