Pahalgam, a notified area committee, is a town in the Anantnag district. Located in the Indian state of Jammu and Kashmir, Pahalgam is perched at an elevation of 2,740 metres above sea level. Pahalgam is the base camp for the pilgrimage to Amarnath and is about 95 kilometres from Srinagar.
Pahalgam is a situated at the junction of Aru and Sheshnag Rivers. Aru flows into the Kolahoi Glacier beyond Lidderwat and Sheshnag from glaciers along the great Himalayas. The destination initially was a shepherd village and was under the rule of the Mughals during the medieval times.
After the rule of the Mughal Empire, Kashmir was conquered by local Hindu rulers. The town remained independent even during the British era and later on was a part of independent India. The culture of the town can be witnessed in its food habits, clothes and religious beliefs. The diversity of the region is visible in the languages spoken, which include Urdu, Hindi, Kashmiri and English.
The weather conditions in the destination are pleasant and mild in summers from April to June, while winters from November to February are cold and experience heavy snowfall. July and August see a huge crowd of pilgrims thronging Amarnath, the abode of Lord Shiva, as Pahalgam is the starting point of the Amarnath Yatra. The best time to visit Pahalgam is during the months of mid-April to mid-November.