Originally named as Ldumra, meaning the valley of flowers, Nubra Valley is located 150 km away from Ladakh at a height of around 10,000 feet above sea level. The River Shyok which joins Siachan or Nubra River bifurcates into a large valley that distinguishes the Karakoram ranges from Ladakh. The valley which seems dry and barren at first glance is a major farm land of the region. The best time to visit Nubra Valley is from July to September.
The historical findings of the destination date back to 7th century A.D with the invasions of the Arabs, Chinese and Mongolians. The region was dominated by Buddhism before Islam. Known as the orchard of Ladakh, the valley on the foothills of Karakoram ranges is dotted with yellow and pink wild roses during summers and wild lavender post-monsoons.
From Leh, a rough road running north from the Khardung La Pass leads to Nubra Valley. This is the highest pass in the world where motor vehicles are allowed. The pass which remains frosted even in the summer season is maintained by the Border Roads Organisation who keep the roads open every season. Beyond this highest motorable pass lies Nubra Valley, which is divided due to the winding channels of Nubra and Shylok Rivers.
The best way to reach the valley is though the Khardung La pass. The airport of Leh serves as the nearest airbase of the destination, situated at a distance of 135 km. Besides, the closest railhead to the valley is Jammu, which is situated at a distance of 370 km.
Outside visitors require an inner line permit which is available at Leh town. The valley and its nearby areas not only have snow-clad mountains, but are also home to ruined palaces and ancient gompas that throw light on the glorious past of the destination.
Most of the villages here are located within walking distance of each other, which gives the valley its name as \"walking country\". The villages of Kyagar, Sumur, Panamik, Tirith and more are located along the Nubra River.
Some of the attractions of Nubra Valley include Samstanling Monastery near the valley, renowned for its hot springs. Ensa Gompa is another known attraction, which is located at Panamik across the Nubra River. The Diskit monastery is another sightseeing option.
Situated amidst the Himalayas, Diskit (also spelt Deskit), the administrative centre of the town, provides a beautiful view of Leh valley. Ensa Gompa is a 250 years old monastery, which is well known for beautiful rock engravings and Buddhist murals. A safari from Diskit to Hunder village for two hours to sight sand dunes through the ancient silk-route is a popular activity.
Nubra Valley was also home to the Chamba Gompa in the 17th century. Baigdandu, a beautiful village is another place in the Nubra valley. The famous pashmina shawls, carved from the wool obtained from goats, is a heavily traded product and a popular souvenir for visitors to Nubra. The valley is also known for its fruits like apricots, apples, orange berries, barley and more.