Set against the snow-capped Pir Panjal Mountains, Jammu lies between the Himalayan range in the north and the plains of Punjab in the south. Lakes, valleys and a diverse terrain make the entire region quite varied. Forests of oak and chestnut cover the lower areas while deodar and pine add to the beautiful landscape at higher altitudes. Jammu, the second largest city of Jammu and Kashmir becomes the administrative capital in winters due to excessive snowfall in Srinagar. Named after King Jambu Lochan, who is said to have established it in 9th century BC, Jammu is typically a traditional city made up of several ethnic communities engaged in agriculture or small scale industries. Temples dot the entire region, while there are a few mosques in the region as well.
Temples dominate the sight-seeing highlights here. Raghunath Mandir in the heart of the city is the largest temple complex in northern India and is devoted to Lord Ram. The shrine of Vaishno Deviji is yet another popular pilgrimage destination situated close by. Visit the Bahu Fort which is home to Bawey Wali Mata Temple. Other temples in the vicinity include Ranbireshwar Temple and Panchbakhtar Temple near River Tawi.