Solan is a city situated in Himachal Pradesh. It is often referred to as the Mushroom city of India because of the mushroom farming which is prevalent here. Solan derives its name from Goddess Shoolini Devi who is the main deity of the region.
Located at an elevation of approximately 1467 metres above sea level, Solan is surrounded by high peaks. To the east of the town is the Matiul Peak with a height of 1,986 metres; to the north lies the Karol Peak, which is also the highest peak of the region with a height of 2,000 metres.
Solan is largely a forested land with hills and mountains abound. The presence of forests and lands over a large part of the area makes a majority of the land unsuitable for building activities. Although it does receive a fair bit of tourism, it is primarily a gateway to other popular hill stations of the region, viz. Kasauli, Chail, Kandaghat and Dagshai.
Solan also has mythological significance. It is believed that the cave near the top of Mount Karol is the cave where the Pandavas of the Mahabharata resided during their exile. The town has historical significance too. It was here that the Irish Mutiny of 1920 against the British Army took place. Irish soldiers revolted following a similar sentiment back home. The mutiny was however crushed by the British with the killing of two Irish soldiers while many others were sent to jail.
Although not as famous a hill station as Chail or Simla, Solan does have a few places of tourist interest. Some of the tourist attractions of the region are the Shoolini Mata Temple, Jatoli Shiv Temple, Yungdrung Tibetan Monastery and a Gurkha Fort which is more than 300 years old.
More than the tourism, Solan holds significance as an industrial town. The town has various important industries which drive a large part of its economy. Some of the important industries located here are the Himalayan Pipe industries, Shivalik Bimetal Controls Ltd, and HFCL among others.
Located 44 km from Simla, Solan is well connected to nearby regions of the state as well as Chandigarh via road. There are regular buses from Chandigarh as well as Simla to Solan. Solan also has a railway station which lies on the Kalka-Simla line. The Kalka-Simla line is a UNESCO World Heritage Site and offers a picturesque journey.