Nalagarh or Nawalgarh is a city in the Solan district of Himachal Pradesh. It was known as the state of Hindur in the bygone era. Nalagarh is the entryway to Himachal Pradesh in North India. It is located about 300 kms from Delhi and about 60 kms from Chandigarh.
Nalagarh was founded by the Chandella Rajputs who came from Chanderi in the Bundelkhand region of central India in 1100 AD. The Chandela kings were great patrons of art and architecture. Since then, many Rajputs have inhabited this place. Many stayed back to engage in farming in the Chikni Sirsa Valley. Raja Surendra Singh was the last ruler of Nalagarh and his son, Raja Vijayendra is the present designated ruler of Nalagarh.
In the early twentieth century, Nawalgarh was one of the Simla hill states, under the Punjab government. Grains and opium were in the past, the main agricultural products. Nalagarh is a semi-hilly area.
The Garh rises over a 20 acre forest estate and an orchard and is uniquely built on five levels. This town is close to Pinjore in Haryana, and to Ropar in Punjab. The languages spoken here are mainly Punjabi, Pahari and Hindi.
The major attraction of Nalagarh is the Nalagarh Fort. The Fort is located on a hill at the foothills of the Himalayas offering a view of the Shivalik Hills lying past the Sirsa River. The fort and the palace of Nalagarh are built in the Mughal style of architecture.
The fort and the palace have been fully renovated and are now home to a great heritage resort. Fort Nalagarh is surrounded by acres of greenery; full of modern amenities and is a perfect retreat away from the bustle of city life.
Chandigarh which is about 60 kms away from Nalagarh is well connected from Delhi with regular Indian Airlines flights. It has regular connections from Delhi and some major railway junctions. The Shatabdi express takes about 3 hours from Delhi. By road, Delhi to Nalagarh is about 300 km and takes at least 5 hours via Ambala-Pinjore or Chandigarh-Ropar.
At present, Nalagarh is an up-and-coming town for industries and it hosts many manufacturing units like leather, steel, chemicals, thread mills and breweries. Some of the major industries here are GPI textiles, Godrej Hershey Ltd, TVS Motors, etc.