The city of Panipat, well known for the battles of Panipat, is a significant historic city of Panipat District in the state of Haryana. The city is situated 90 km north of the capital of India, Delhi. Panipat is famous in India with the name of City of Weaver due to the presence of numerous factories and weaving looms making handlooms like blankets and carpets.
Panipat is the birthplace of the famous Urdu Shayar Maulana Hali. The battle of Panipat has been significant with the name of this city. Panipat is also one of the five legendary cities that were found by the Pandava brothers, due to which it came to be known as Panduprastha. Three pivotal battles have been fought on the land of Panipat.
The first battle of Panipat was fought on 21st April, 1526. This battle was fought between Ibrahim Lodhi, Sultan of Delhi and the warlord of Timurid, Zaheeruddin Babur. This battle ended with the Lodi Rule in the area.
The second battle of Panipat was fought on 5th November, 1556 between the armies of Akbar and a North Indian King, namely Samrat Hem Chandra Vikramaditya. The battle ended with the rule of Samrat Vikramaditya over large parts of Agra and Delhi.
The third battle of Panipat was fought in 1761 between Ahmad Shah Abdali and Sadashivrao Bhau Peshwa of Pune. This battle resulted in a bad defeat for the Marathas and was followed by the British conquest of India.
Along with being a significant historic destination of India, Panipat is also the biggest centre of Shoddy Yarn in the world. Its Samalkha subdivision is also famous as a Foundry of Agricultural instruments. It is an employment centre for many unemployed weavers and artists from different states of India. The district also has heavy industry due to the presence of Indian Oil Corporation, National Thermal Power Corporation Power Plant and National Fertilizers Plant.
Panipat also has some significant tourist destinations like Hemu Samadhi-Sthal, grave of Ibrahim Lodhi, Kabuli Bagh, Devi Mandir, Salar Gunj Gate as well as the famous Tomb of Bu Ali Shah Qalandar.
The city of Panipat is well connected with other major cities of India through highways, railways, and flights. The city experiences extremely hot summers and chilly winters. The best time to visit Panipat is between August and November.