Panchkula, the satellite town of Chandigarh, is one of the most well planned cities of Haryana. Panchkula, Chandigarh and Mohali together comprise of what has come to be known as Chandigarh Tricities.
The place derives its name from the five irrigation canals or kuls which draw water from the uphill Ghagghar and distribute it in and around the area. Thus, the name Panchkula, coming from Panch which means five and Kul which means irrigation canals.
Much of Panchkula was ruled by the Chandel Dynasty from the 9th century to the 12th century. An evidence of this is the Ramgarh Fort here which was built by the Chandels and is over 360 years old. The city lies to the south of Himachal Pradesh and to the east of the Union Territory of Chandigarh.
Panchkula experiences extreme climatic conditions with temperatures varying from below 0° Celsius in winters to 40-42° Celsius in summers. Much like the most part of Northern India, the best time to visit Panchkula is during the months of February to April, when the temperature stays at a pleasant 18-20° Celsius.
The city has the highest forest cover in the state of Punjab, with approximately 43% of its land covered by forests. The forests of the region are of the deciduous type with Kikar, Sheesham and Mango trees found in abundance here.
The city is well planned with the right blend of modernisation and preservation of the ecological environment. Most of the development in the city has taken place in the western side of the Ghagghar River. The citys different areas have been earmarked as residential areas, markets, industrial sectors, parks and diplomatic areas which have helped planning of the city.
Panchkula is also the gateway to many famous hill stations of the region. The city lies very close to the hill stations of Kalka, Pinjore, Nahan, Chail, Simla and Kasauli. Some of the tourist attractions which lie very close to Panchkula are the Mansa Devi Temple, the Cactus Garden, Pinjore Gardens and Nada Sahib.
A very well known area of Panchkula is sector 5, which has a variety of entertainment and eating out options. It even has an open-air amphitheatre and the Terminals Ballistic Research Laboratory of the DRDO.