Karnal is an important city located in the state of Haryana. The city accounts for a major share of the countrys agricultural implements and shares. It is also well known for being the starting point of Liberty shoes manufacturing. Liberty shoes have one of the biggest manufacturing facilities in Karnal.
Located in the centre of Delhi and Chandigarh, it lies to the south east of Kurukshetra District and to the east of Kaitthal District. According to Hindu mythology, Karnal is believed to have been founded by Karna, a character from the epic, Mahabharata. Its believed that the original name of the city was Karnalaya, which literally means home of Karna.
Historically speaking, the town of Karnal was always a walled city. It also had a citadel, which still exists as Kot Mohalla. Kot Mohalla is a fort, which today, is inhabited by the Ror clan. They are credited with building the present Karnal.
Karnals significant period in history started in 1739 with the Battle of Karnal. In this battle, the Mughal Emperor Muhammad Shah was defeated by Nadir Shah and took over the city. In the subsequent years, Karnal came to be ruled by Raja Gopal Singh, the Marathas, the Sikhs and the British.
Karnal is also the birthplace of Pakistans first Prime Minister, Liaquat Ali Khan, who was born here on 1st October, 1895. Other people of note who were born in Karnal include Kalpana Chawla and ID Swami. Kalpana Chawla was an astronaut and the first Indian woman to go to outer space.
Although Karnal is primarily an industrial town, with agriculture being one of its primary industries, it is also known for its open spaces and green pastures. There is also the Karnal Lake here, which is an artificial lake with different kinds of flora and fauna.
Agricultural research forms an important part of Karnal with many research institutes like the National Dairy Research Institute, Indian Agriculture Research Institute, Directorate of Wheat Research and National Bureau of Animal Genetics Research setting up shop here.
It was in Karnal that a fatal wheat disease, the Karnal Bunt was recognised. The research efforts by the government and other organisations have resulted in Karnal becoming one of the finest producers of seeds and Basmati Rice.