Gurgaon lies in Haryana, and along with Faridabad, it is the industrial and financial centre of the state. It is one of the four important satellite cities of the National Capital Region and is often referred to as the Millennium City. Gurgaon also holds the distinction of being the only city in India to supply electricity to all households in the city.
The name Gurgaon traces its origin to Hindu mythology. It was the ancestral village of Guru Dronacharya. The word Gurgaon comes from the amalgamation of two words Guru meaning teacher and Gaon meaning village. Thus, it literally means the village of the teacher.
Historically, Gurgaon was ruled by many rulers over the years. The city has been ruled by the Yaduvanshis, the Rajputs, the Marathas and Mughals.
The city used to be largely a farming land not long ago. It was only in the late 1990s that the area started seeing development and finally experienced commercial boom. It all started with Delhi becoming increasingly congested.
The cheap land of Gurgaon prompted the government to buy it from the farmers and start commercial development. The close proximity to the capital Delhi and the lower cost of land attracted the corporate sector and soon, many corporate houses and malls were mushrooming across the city.
Today, Gurgaon is called the unofficial mall capital of India. It has plenty of shopping centres, which offer a variety of brands to the consumer. Malls such as Sahara Mall, DLF Grand Mall, MGF Mega City and Ambience Mall among others sell products right from high-end jewellery to clothes by international brands.
Gurgaon is a very important part of the National Capital Region. It houses the units of some large MNCs which give a major boost to the states economy. Haryanas economy largely depends on the taxes paid by the corporate sector present here. However, a small contribution is made by the tourism industry too in Gurgaon.
The best way to get around the city is by auto rickshaw or the metro service, which is affordable and quick. Gurgaon is also a place where tourists can try some mouth watering street food. Although the various malls in the city have now started serving food items like chaats, markets such as sector 4 and 23 also dish out good street food.
There is the Sultanpur Lake and the Sohna Lake to visit here, which lie on the outskirts of the city. Both of these are popular as weekend holiday options.
Gurgaon experiences extreme weather conditions. It gets really hot in the summers and cold during winters. Therefore, the best time to visit Gurgaon is during winters. Tourists can plan a trip to the city in the months of February to April and August to November.
Gurgaon is well connected to Delhi by rail and road. Travellers can reach Delhi by air and then head to Gurgaon by bus or travel by a car by driving down the express highway NH8 that connects Delhi to Gurgaon. Metro is another affordable option.