Ambala, in the state of Haryana, is a city and a municipal corporation in Ambala district. It lies on the borders of two states - Haryana and Punjab. Politically, it is divided into Ambala Cantt, which includes the cantonment area, and the Ambala city. Both these areas are at a distance of 3 km from each other. In the cantonment area, there is the Indian Army and Indian Air Force base.
The district has an important role to play in the local tourism scenario because of its strategic geographical location. People travelling to the Indian states of Himachal Pradesh, Punjab, Chandigarh and Jammu and Kashmir have to pass through Ambala.
It is believed that this place was founded by Amba Rajput and was hence named Ambala. According to another version, the district is called so because there is a famous temple of goddess "Bhawani Amba" in Ambala City. According to books of ancient history, Aryans resided at Saphera, which was the capital of Sangwan country in ancient times and is part of the Ambala district.
Ambala became a district in 1847. The Ambala Cantonment was formed in 1843 when the British left their cantonment at Saphera, because of the malaria epidemic of 184142. At present, the cantonment includes the 2 Corps, which is one of the 3 Strike Corps of the Indian Army. The Ambala Air Force Base on the other hand is one of the oldest and biggest airbases inherited from the British by the Indian Air Force.
Many changes have been made to the boundaries of Ambala district from time to time, and at present, it includes Ambala, Jagadhri, Saphera, Pipli, Mohali, Kharar, Ropar and Nalagarh. Kalka-cum-Kurari State, Manimajra, Pinjore, Kasauli and Sanawar.
There are numerous places to visit in and around Ambala. One of the major attractions is the Bhawani Amba Temple, devoted to goddess Bhawani. The city also has several Gurdwaras, many of which have historical significance. Some of these include the Badshahi Bag Gurudwara, Manji Sahib Gurudwara, Sis Ganj Gurudwara, Labhuwala Talaah, and Sangat Sahib Gurdwara. Patel Park in Ambala Cantt, the Subhash Chandra Bose Park in Subhash Colony and City Park in Ambala City are other major attractions of the city.