Surendranagar is an administrative district located in the state of Gujarat. It is also known as Zalabad, since it was ruled by Zala Rajputs in the past; another name of this district is entrance gate of Saurashtra region. Geographically, this district falls between Ahmedabad and Rajkot. The main city of Surendranagar is located on the banks of River Bhogavo and is a major centre for cotton trading.
Surendranagar District was the bastion of King Surendra Sinh, who resisted the British Raj till his death. After the British took over this region, it was mainly used as a cotton production centre due to its fertile soil. According to history, it was considered as a hill station due to its dry weather; the dry air of this region is said to cure tuberculosis patients.
The Jain, Kshatriya, Brahmins and Patel communities are based here predominantly, while Bharvad and Rabari people also reside here in good number. The city of Surendranagar is the main centre of the Sthanakavasi Jains in India; this city is well known as Baniyas City.
The ancient temple of Sati Ranik Devi is the most famous place to visit in Surendranagar. Navaratri, Diwali, Holi and kite festival are the major festivals celebrated here. Tarnetar Fair, also called Trinetreshwar Mahadev Mela or Tarnetar no melo, is a prominent cultural fair held in this region for 3 days during the month of Bhadrapada.
Chotila Hill, which is located 60 km from Surendranagar, is a famous tourist site that is visited by thousands of worshippers of Goddess Chamunda. Other major attractions of this region include Zharia Mahadev, Rotary Garden, Gangvo Kund, Nalsarovar Wild Sanctuary and Wild Ass Sanctuary.
Surendranagar is the major producer of cotton, and acts as the base for many chemical, textile and food processing companies. This district is also a prominent supplier of salt; about 25% of the total salt supply in India comes from Surendranagar. The important trading spots of this district are Dharangadhara and Thangad.
The nearest airport is the Ahmedabad Airport, situated 111 km away, which serves most of the cities of India including Delhi, Mumbai, Chennai and Bengaluru. Surendranagar Railway Station connects the main city of Surendranagar as well as the whole district with major Indian cities. Located on the Ahmedabad-Surendranagar State Highway and NH-8A, buses ply through this region regularly.
During the summer months of April, May and June, Surendranagar is dry and arid. On the other hand, it receives moderate to heavy rainfall from July to September, with the region becoming very humid.
The best time to visit Surendranagar is from October to March, when the weather is cool and temperatures are low.