Surat is a city in the district with the same name located in the state of Gujarat. Referred as a city of Silk and Diamond, Surat is considered as an important commercial hub of Gujarat. It has a major gem industry and around 90% of the worlds diamonds are cut here. Apart from these features, this city is the second largest city in Gujarat and ninth largest city in India. It is located on the banks of the Tapti River.
The history of Surat gives a glimpse of its varied heritage of the past. With a reference in the Mahabharata, Surat has a long history that has given it a significant place in the history of India. Parsis had started settling down in the city in the 12th century. The Dutch and Portuguese also set up their business centres in the city. There was a time, when Surat had a port with the capacity to harbour 84 ships at a time.
The major tourist attraction of the city is Surat Castle, which was built in the 14th century by Muhammad Tughlak. Another famous castle is River Side Castle, built by the Sultan of Gujarat in 1546, which is located on the shores of the River Tapti. Apart from forts, there are other tourist spots like Dutch Garden, Sardar Patel Museum, Rangupavan, Dumas (sea side) and Textile Market.
The city has an ancient temple, Chintanamani Jain Temple, which has religious significance for the people in Gujarat. The temple was constructed during the rule of the Mughal Emperor, Aurangzeb, in 1699 A.D. The temple is known for its wooden craftsmanship and drawing with vegetable dyes.
Surat Airport is connected to major cities of India. Surat is also well connected by roads to the cities like Ahmadabad, Mumbai and Vadodara. The city has its own railway station and number of express and passenger trains from Mumbai to Ahmadabad pass across the city.
During summers, the temperature of the city goes up to 40° Celsius, and in winters, it comes down to 12° Celsius. Visiting Surat in any season is comfortable, however, the best time to be here is between October and March.