Junagadh is a city and a municipal corporation in the western state of Gujarat. It is the district headquarters of the Junagadh district, and is situated at the foothills of the Girnar hills. It is around 355 km from the capital city Gandhinagar. The literal translation of the name Junagadh means "Old Fort". It is also famous as "Sorath", named after the earlier princely condition of Junagadh.
The town has a rich history as different dynasties ruled it during though time. The place bore witness to the Mauray dynasty, the Chalukya dynasty, and the Mughals, to name a few. A remarkable fort, Uperkot, situated on a highland in the centre of the town is a popular attraction.
Mohammad Bahadur Khanji I, who owed loyalty to the Sultan of Ahmedabad, was the founder of Junagadh who did so by expelling the Mughal ruler and declaring freedom in 1748. Somnath is located at Prabhaspatan in Junagadh District; 79 km left from Junagadh City and is largely blessed of the twelve Jyotirlings (lingas of light) of God Shiva. The temple has a very vivid history and its immense wealth attracts many invaders.
There are quite a few beautiful places around the area which are places of tourist interest. The Girnar Mountains, 6 km. from Junagadh city, is a popular tourist destination and has five chief peaks. It has about 9,999 steps. The third crest, Gorakhnath, at 3,661 ft (1,116 m) above sea level, is the highest. The vicinity of the hills is approximately 10 km. To climb the hills a step-way is built and this is surely worth a visit, considering the magnificent Jain temples. Bhimkund, Hanumandhara, Satpuda, Pathar chati , Bhairavjap, Bharatvan Sheshavan and Gaumukhi Ganga are some other spots to visit in Junagadh.
The crest of Ambaji, with a height 1,010 m, is famous for the temple of Ambaji. It is about 2 km east of Junagadh and 3 km to the bottom of Girnar Hills is a spot where law of Emperor Ashoka is decorated on a stun, which dates from the third century BC. The Ashokan edicts tell ethical orders on dharma, accord, acceptance, and silence. A rough rock, with a perimeter of seven metres and an altitude of ten meters, bears inscriptions in Brahmi writing imprinted with an iron pen.
Junagadh also has many museums which have many interesting artifacts. The Swami Vivekananda Vinay Mandir in the city is one of the oldest schools in Gujarat and is also famous as the school of the great Dhirubhai Ambani. Winter is the best time to visit Junagadh.