The city of Gandhinagar, situated on the west bank of the Sabarmati River, is the state capital of Gujarat. Gandhinagar covers around 205 sq. km of area and is located just 25 km from another important city of Ahmedabad in Gujarat. It is a well-planned city, which is home to all the state administrative head offices of Gujarat.
The destination is spacious, with beautiful architectural landmarks, including shopping centres, health centres, primary schools and both government and private housing. The beautiful Akshardham Temple is the key highlight for tourists visiting this city.
During the 13th century, the Shertha town was ruled by King Pethasinh of Pethapur. After his death, this land was used by the Sultanate of Patan as a battle ground. Sultan Ahmed Shah moved his capital from Patan to a newly built city of Ahmedabad. After Indian Independence, the erstwhile state of Bombay was divided into two states, namely Gujarat and Maharashtra, on 1st May 1960.
Ahmedabad, which is considered to be the commercial hub of Gujarat, was the state capital, but a proposal was put forward for constructing a new state capital, similar to that as Chandigarh. This task of construction was taken up by two Indian architects, Prakash M. Apte and H.K. Mewada. These two architects previously worked as apprentice on the Chandigarh city project and thus, easily designed the new state capital of Gujarat.
This new state capital was named after Mahatma Gandhi and the foundation stone was laid in 1965. Thereafter, in 1971, the state capital was shifted from Ahmedabad to the new city of Gandhinagar. The new state capital was built on the land which was once part of the old Pethapur State.
There has been a rapid growth and development in Gandhinagar since the 1980s. Apart from being the main administrative centre, the city has been slowly turning into a prime trade centre. Some of the famous electronic industries are established near Gandhinagar, along with co-operative societies, hotels and private buildings.
The city has an average elevation of about 81 metres and covers north-central-east Gujarat. Gandhinagar usually experiences a dry, hot climate and the south-west monsoon brings rainfall to the city from mid-June through mid-September. October to January is the best season to visit Gandhinagar.