The coastal city of Bhavnagar is located in the state of Gujarat at a distance of 228 kilometres from Gandhinagar, the capital of the state. It spans an area of 54 square kilometres and has an average elevation of 78 feet. Through the citys outer area, a small non-perennial river passes, which is known as Kansara Nala.
This fifth largest city of Gujarat is situated in the eastern coast of Saurashtra, also called Kathiawar and to the west of the Gulf of Khambat. It is the second largest city of Saurashtra region and is known for its cultural capital. Presently, it is also the administrative headquarters of Bhanvagar District.
In 1823, a new capital near Vadva village was established by Maharaja Bhavsinhji Gohil and the place was named Bhavnagar, after his name. The place gained importance owing to its location that facilitated maritime trade. It became the capital of Bhavnagar State. Until Indian Independence in 1947, the Rajput Gohil clan ruled the independent state of Bhanvanagar.
Bhavnagars old town was basically a fortified town whose gates opened to the regions other important towns. For nearly two centuries, Bhavnagar remained a major port, trading commodities with Mozambique, Singapore, Zanzibar, the Persian Gulf and Africa.
In 1948, it was the first Indian princely state to unite with the Indian Union. The administration of this state was handed over by Krishnakumar Sinhji, the last Maharaja of Bhavnagar to the peoples representative. The royal family still resides there and are held in high regard by the people of Bhavnagar and adjoining areas.
Bhavnagar is also known as the city of culture and education, with heavy contributions from the literary personalities and artistes. The people of Bhavnagar are considered art-loving and easy-going.
Apart from housing various restaurants and hotels, Bhavnagar also offers a wide array of cuisines and big restaurant chains. The city is also a major stopover for tourists visiting places like Blackbuck National Park at Velavadar and Jain temples at Palitana.
The destination is also home to a number of important tourist places like Takhteshwar temple, Gangajalia temple that is dedicated to Ganga-devi and Town Hall that was formerly a Durbar Hall, Barton Library that houses a museum and Nilambag Palace.
Tourists can also visit the nearby Gopnath Beach, which houses limestone cliffs, Talja temple and various birds. The forthcoming shopping cum entertainment plaza - ISCON Mega Mall project will be another tourist attraction as it is already renowned as Saurashtra regions largest organised shopping area.
Since the place experiences a semi-arid climate, summers are very hot and are between March and mid-June. The months from mid-June to October is rainy season and receives an average annual rainfall of 550 mm.
The best season is the winter season with mild temperatures ranging around 20⁰ Celsius during the months of November to February. Throughout the year, Bhavnagar experiences a bit humid climate, owing to its proximity to the sea.