New Delhi, the national capital of India, is one of the nine districts of the National Capital Territory of Delhi. It is the seat of the Government of India. With an area of 47.2 sq km, it is one of the fastest growing cities in the world and was recently rated as a Beta World City. It is bound by the states of Haryana, Punjab, Uttar Pradesh and Rajasthan.
Being under the rule of several rulers and dynasties, the city has a rich historical and cultural background. Muhammad of Ghori captured the city in 1192 and he was overthrown by Timur in 1398. The first battle of Panipat in 1526 saw the handover of Delhi from the Lodhis to the Mughals, when Babur established the Mughal Empire. The city then came under the British rule in 1803. Later, Delhi became the capital of the British who shifted to the city from Calcutta in 1911, and finally the capital city of modern India in 1947.
Delhi has two parts: the old and the new. While Old Delhi is all about alleys, bylanes, Mughal and British architectural structures, New Delhi is home to several offices and modern buildings. Some of the major attractions of the city include the Red Fort, India Gate, Qutub Minar, Jantar Mantar, etc. Other sightseeing options include the Raj Bhavan, Akshardham Temple, Lotus Temple, Parliament House, Raj Ghat as well as several museums. Chandni Chowk, Karolbagh and Connaught Place have emerged as the most sought-after shopping hubs.
Another significant facet of New Delhi is its bazaars and its food. Tourists can walk in the bylanes of Chandni Chowk and savour some local delicacies like chaats and jalebis or just walk up to street markets like Janpath, Sarojini Nagar, Khan Market or Lajpat Nagar to shop for clothes, chappals, bags and other accessories. Haggling in these markets is a must. The Dilli Haat where craft fairs are also held is another must-visit shopping destination in Delhi.
To reach New Delhi, tourists can opt for air, rail or road as a mode of transport. The citys airport, Indira Gandhi International Airport, serves both domestic and international flights. It is connected to most of the cities within the country and also has direct connections to several international destinations including New York, London, Hong Kong, Beijing, Singapore, etc.
New Delhi is also well connected by trains. New Delhi Railway Station (NLDS) is the main rail station of Delhi. Other major stations are Old Delhi Railway Station and Hazrat Nizamuddin Railway Station. New Delhi is also reachable by road from nearby cities and regions with bus services being provided by the Delhi Transport Corporation and several private operators. There are three main bus terminals Inter State Bus Terminus, Sarai Kale-Khan Bus Terminus and Anand Vihar Bus Terminus.
New Delhi has extreme climatic conditions. Summers, with temperatures often going above 45° Celsius, can be very hot. Winters, on the other hand, are chilly and foggy. However, the best time to visit New Delhi is from October to March as this time is ideal for sightseeing activities and outings.
The best way to get around Delhi is either by auto rickshaws or the metro, which connects major parts of the city. Tourists can opt for cycle rickshaws when exploring the quaint old bylanes of Old Delhi.
Delhi tourism gives a lot of options to tourists when it comes to hotel options in the city. Hotel options in New Delhi include service apartments, lodges, budget hotels, 5 star hotels as well as home stays.