Silvassa is the capital of the Union Territory of Dadra and Nagar Haveli. It is situated 32 m above sea level. The city comprises large number of factories and industries, which also makes it the economic centre of Dadra and Nagar Haveli.
Valsad District of Gujarat surrounds Silvassa on its west, while the Thane District of Maharashtra surrounds it on its east, south and north. In the north-east are the hilly terrains of the Sahyadri Mountains. The total area covers 491 square km.
The name of the city is derived from a Portuguese word Silva that means wood. The population of the place comprises mostly tribals. The hand made smoking pipes made by these tribals is a famous product of the place. The Portuguese and Marathas founded the city of Dadra and Nagar Haveli in 1779.
The place was a group of 72 villages that the Marathas gifted to the Portuguese. The Portuguese ruled the place until its liberation in 1954. After their rule, an administrator took over the city for some time. Later on, it was merged in the Indian union as a Union Territory, on 11th August 1954.
The agricultural products of Silvassa include rice, pulses and fruit crops. In Silvassa, one can see Warli Culture, which is a mix of Marathi and Gujarati along with the local Christian and Portuguese residents of the place. It is also a festival rich city and the main festivals celebrated here include Id-Ul-Zuha, Muharram, Vasant Panchmi, Holi, Mahashivratri, Ram Navami, Deepawali, Christmas, etc.
The place also offers plenty of tourist attractions like Tadkeshwara Temple, the Church of Our Lady of Piety, the Vanganga Lake, Khanvel, Hirwa Van, Haveli, and the Tribal Cultural Museum. The Tadkeshwara Temple is a historical Lord Shiva Temple situated at the banks of the River Sakartod.
The Vanganga Lake is situated 5 km from Silvassa and its wooden bridges, jogging paths, paddleboats and thatched huts make it an ideal picnic spot. The Hirwa Van is a garden situated on the Silvassa Dadra Road. Haveli is a monument where the history of Dadra and Nagar Haveli is designed in wood and stone. The Tribal Cultural Museum of Silvassa is a home to ancient masks, musical apparatus, life-size statues and various fishing gadgets.