Rajnandgaon district was formed on January 26th, 1973 when it was diverged from Durg district. It is located in central Chhattisgarh. Rajnandgaon was originally known as Nandgram and it was also sometimes referred to as Shanskardhani.
Rajnandgaon was ruled by many dynasties like the Somvanshis, Kalchuris and the Marathas. The palaces and forts here speak about its rulers, the society, the culture and tradition prevailing during that time.
The city was also ruled by the Mahants or Hindu caretakers and the Gond Rajas or Chiefs. Successors were chosen by way of adoption. The Britishers in 1879 granted the right of adoption or sanad to the then ruler and bestowed the Raja title to the ruling Mahant.
Rajnandgaon is a major railway and road junction. It is located on the Mumbai to Howrah railway line and the NH 6 or the Great Eastern Road passes here. The nearest airport is Raipur which is about 80 km away. The town has a lot of ponds and rivers like the Sheonath River, its tributaries like the Kharkhara, Sonbarsa, Amner, Surhi, Karra, Murkati, Sankari, Fonk and Hanf flowing through it. It also has many small-scale manufacturing units.
Dongargarh is the Tehsil headquarters and it is known as both a tourist and pilgrimage centre. It is here the ancient Bambleshwari Goddess Temple, is situated. The temple is nestled on a hill which is about 1,600 feet high. Hordes of people converge here during Dussehra and Chaitra festivals and during this time many fairs are organised.
Some of the other temples are the Gayatri Mandir, Sitla Mandir, Barfaani Ashram, and Choupati near the Ranisagar tank which is about 200 acres. Some of the famous local festivals are the Mohara Mela, the Bull Run competition during the Pola festival and the Mina Bazaar.
Rajnandgaon is also famous for being home to many good and exclusive educational institutions. Indira Sangeet and Kala Vishwavidyalay at Khairagarh, is the only Music and Fine Arts University in India. Chhattisgarh Institute of Technology, Ashoka Institute of Technology and Management, Digvijay College, Govt. Kamaladevi Women's College etc. are the other famous colleges.
The contributions in the field of Hindi literature by Gajanan Madhav Muktibodh, Padumlal Punnalal Bakshi and Baldeo Prasad Mishra have a singular reference as they were from Rajnandgaon. The best time to visit Rajnandgaon is during the winter season, from the months of October to February.