Sitamarhi is a town as well as the district headquarters of the Sitamarhi District in Bihar. It is surrounded by Nepal in the north, Muzaffarpur in the south, Champaran and Sheohar in the west and Darbhanga and Madhubani in the east.
Rivers like Baghmati, Aghwara, Lakhandei and Manusmara flow through the Sitamarhi District. The northern part of Sitamarhi District falls in the foothills of the Himalaya. The moderate climate and the alluvial soil of the area make it the land of Rabi Cultivation. The district is also a commercial centre of rice, timber, hides and oilseeds.
The historical significance of the Sitamarhi District is associated with the wife of Ram, Sita. According to a mythology, Mata Sita was born in an earthen pot under the land of this district, where her father Raja Janak found her while ploughing that land to seek the blessings of Lord Indra, for rain.
Raja Janak dug a tank at that place and after the marriage of Sita, he placed the stone figures of Rama, Sita and Lakshman to mark the place. Later on, an ascetic named Birbal Das, discovered the place and it got recognised as Sitamarhi. In 1972, this district was separated from Muzaffarpur and made a part of northern Bihar.
The culture of Sitamarhi is rich in folk arts, dance and music. The lac bangles of the place are also quite popular. The world-renowned Madhubani paintings are done in several blocks of this district. The Jat-Jatni and Jhinjhari are the popular folk dances of the Sitamarhi District.
Sitamarhi also offers a large number of religious, historic and modern tourist attractions. Important places in the place include Janaki Temple at Sitamarhi, Janaki Temple at Punaura, Deokuli, Haleshwar Sthan, Baghi Math, Goraul Sharif, Shukeshwar Sthan, Bodhayan-Sar and Sabhagachhi Sasaula.
The Panaura Dham is the place where Mata Sita originated in an earthen pot. This place has a temple. There were also some buildings found buried at the place during the earthquake of 1934. Haleshwar Sthan is a Shiva Temple, which is said to be the first Shiva Linga established in the state of Mithila.