Muzaffarpur is the largest city situated in the northern part of Bihar and is located around 35 km from Vaishali on the banks of River Burhi Gandak. Purbi Champaran and Sitamarhi districts in the northern regions and Vaishali and Saran districts in the southern part bound Muzaffarpur.
Known as the Lychee Capital of India, Muzaffarpur is one of the most popular centres for trade in India. The major transactions of trade for Muzaffarpur are with Nepal, in which grains and other commodities are exchanged. Owing to its world renowned Shahi Lychee and Chinese Lychee fruits, it has won several international accolades. The average annual production of Lychees here is around three lakh tonnes approximately.
Muzaffarpur was named after Muzaffar Khan, who was a revenue officer in the early eighteenth century. Earlier the areas of Champaran, Darbhanga and Muzaffarpur were combined and altogether were known by the name of Vaishali. This region used to be the centre of power and authority of the Linchavi Kingdom. Ancient sites and Buddhist Viharas are an integral part of Muzaffarpurs cultural heritage.
With the advent of commercialisation, the marketing conditions of this city have improved a lot. It is now regarded as the marketing hub of northern Bihar region and is a provider to wholesale markets in Mumbai, Surat and Ahmedabad. The major commercial hub in the city is Motijheel and the textile mills here are dominated by the Marwadi community.
Some of the popular destinations here include ancient temples like the Kali Temple of Sikandarpur, the Rajeshwari Devi Mandir, Chaturbhuj Temple, Ramna's Tripur Sundari Temple, Shri Ram Temple, and Baba Garib Stan, the shrine dedicated to Lord Shiva.
There are also several shrines, temples and Buddhist monasteries in the regions of Vaishali and Rajgir. Other than temples, there is Kesaria Stupa, which is one of the largest monuments in the country, Khudi Ram Bose Memorial and Ram Chandra Shahi Museum. The Badi Masjid, Hathilwa-Matth and Gurudwara are other major locations near Rajkhand.
Besides, the nearby locations Rajgir and Vaishali are famous for the historic places of Buddhist significance. Nalanda attracts numerous tourists for its remnants of stupas, monasteries, temples and the Nalanda University, and the excavated artifacts are displayed in the Nalanda Museum.