Motihari is a small town in the state of Bihar. Motihari is the headquarters of East Champaran District, which is a part of Tirhut Division. The town of Motihari is known worldwide as the site from where Mahatma Gandhi began his Satyagraha against the British rule in India. Located 120 km away from Patna, the capital of Bihar, this town is popular among both pilgrims and history lovers.
Before the creation of East Champaran District on 1 December 1971, Motihari was part of Champaran District. In ancient times, this region was a part of the Kingdom of Videha, which belonged to Seeradhwaja Janaka.
After Videhan Empire, the region came under the rule of Ajatshatru, the emperor of Magadh. Later, the region was successively ruled by Kushan Empire, Gupta Empire and Mughal Empire. In 1764, the region came under the administrative control of the British East India Company.
The most popular attraction of the town is Someshwar Nath Temple, which is one of the oldest temples in Hindu mythology. Kesariya Stupa, which is the largest Buddhist Stupa in the world and Gandhi Sangrahalaya are the other places of tourist interest in the town. The months of October and November are considered as the best time to visit Motihari.
The major festivals celebrated in the region are Chhatth Puja, Sama-Chakeva, Teej and Barawafat. Folk songs like Sohar, Sumangali, Nirgun, Samdaun and Jhumar are an integral part of the culture of the region. Jhumeri Dance and Mithilanchal are the popular dance forms that can be seen in the region.
Lok Nayak Jayaprakash Airport, also known as Patna Airport, is the nearest airport. This airport serves direct flights from Kolkata, Delhi, Mumbai, Lucknow, Pune, Bangalore and Ranchi.
Situated on Sagauli-Samastipur railway line, Motihari Railway Station is the main railhead serving the town of Motihari. A major bus station in the town, Motihari Bus Stand is connected to Raxaul, Muzaffarpur and Sugauli by regular bus service.