Buxar, a city of Bihar, is one of the most important areas of Buxar district. The name Buxar is said to be derived from VyaghraSar, which has its roots in mythology. According to popular folklore, sage Rishi Durvasha cursed Rishi Vedshira to a tiger face. Rishi Vedshiras face was restored after he bathed in a holy tank. This holy tank was named VyaghraSar.
The city of Buxar lies to the south of River Ganges and shares its border with the state of Uttar Pradesh. It is spread across an area of 1,62,380 hectares.
Buxar was established in 1991, but the history of the region goes back a long time. The city saw two major battles in its history, with the Battle of Buxar being the more famous one. The first battle was fought between Sher Shah Suri and Humayun in AD 1539. It was won by Sher Shah Suri.
The next one was the battle of Buxar which was fought in 1764. This battle was fought between Mir Kasim and the British, with the British being victorious under the leadership of Major Hector Monro.
The city has its share of mythology too. According to Indian scriptures, Buxar was the seat of gods and saints and was often the battleground for wars between gods and demons. It is believed that the city of Buxar goes back to the period even before Ramayana.
In fact, the history of the city forms its major tourist attraction. There is Chausagarh, where Sher Shah won the battle against Humayun; there is the Sitaram Upadhyay Buxar Museum which has relics from the past and there is the Shergarh Fort, where Sher Shah spent his childhood.
The city of Buxar, like most of Northern India, enjoys a moderate climate. The months of May and June are the hottest while those of December and January are the coldest. It receives most of its rainfall during the monsoon season of July to August.
The major occupation of the people of Buxar is agriculture. However, of late, a few small scale industries have come up in the city. Three of the major industries that have engaged the people of Buxar in recent years are the leather industry, the soap industry and the timber industry. Its also a trade centre for cities of Varanasi, Ballia and Ghazipur and is well connected to them by roads and rail.