Sibsagar, or Sivasagar as it is now called is located in the Indian state of Assam. It holds a historical significance because of the presence of a large number of historical monuments, most of which belong to the kingdom of Ahom.
The city of Sibsagar was the capital of the Ahom Kingdom, when the Ahoms were at the peak of their reign. The Ahom rulers ruled Assam for more than 6 centuries, until they finally perished to the Burmese invasions in 1817.
Sibsagar derives its name from the Sibsagar Lake, which is spread across an area of 129 acres. The lake is about 200 years old and is an important tourist attraction of the place. The Ahom rulers built many palaces and forts during their reign in Sibsagar, and most of these palaces can still be seen here. One of them is the Talatal Ghar. The Talatal Ghar is a palace said to have two secret tunnels and was built by the Ahom Rulers.
The Ahoms also built a few temples in the region, one of the most prominent of which is the Sivadol Temple. The temple is dedicated to Lord Shiva and attracts a lot of devotees on Shiv Ratri. Other tourist attractions of Sibsagar include the Ahom Museum, which houses some relics and artefacts related to the Ahom Kingdom, Gaurisagar which is an old reservoir here and the town of Charaideo close by.
Sibsagar, apart from being a historic city of Assam, also has the Rajiv Gandhi Institute of Petroleum Technology, which makes it an important educational centre too. The city, because of its high altitude, enjoys a pleasant climate through the year. The maximum temperature here is around 30° Celsius, while the minimum can dip below 10° Celsius during the winter months.
The town is well connected to other parts of India via rail as well as road. There are regular buses available from Sibsagar to nearby cities and towns, including that of Siliguri in West Bengal. However, the city does not have an airport.