Kaziranga National Park, a UNESCO World Heritage Site, is located in the Golaghat and Nagaon districts in the state of Assam. It was declared a Reserve Forest in 1905. The park consists of an area of 429.93 sq km with a buffer area of 429.40 sq km.
During the British reign, Lady Curzon on a safari expressed concern at the prevalence of hunting in the park. In 1926, hunting was banned in Kaziranga and in 1974 it was declared a National Park. Kaziranga is also famous for the Important Bird Area by Birdlife International for conservation of avifaunal species. Some of the bird species which can be spotted here are herons, storks, pelicans, imperial eagles, etc.
The park hosts about two-thirds of the world's Great One-horned Rhinoceroses and also holds the record for protecting the highest density of tigers in the world. The park was declared a Tiger Reserve in 2006. Kaziranga is a home to large breeding population of elephants, wild water buffalo and swamp deer. The location of the park makes it diverse as it is lined by the Eastern Himalaya biodiversity hotspot.
Kaziranga has large bioreserves of tall elephant grass, marshland and dense tropical moist broad leaf forests. The park celebrated its centennial in 2005 after its establishment in 1905 as a Reserve Forest. The park is maintained by the Assam Forest Department and Wildlife Trust of India along with the International Fund for Animal Welfare who have set up rehabilitation centres for distressed animals. Every year, an Elephant Festival is organised at the park to create awareness about the protection and conservation of Asiatic elephants.
Kaziranga National Park can be visited from November to April. Elephant safaris and Kaziranga Wildlife Tours can be availed at the park. Kaziranga can be reached by bus from Guwahati and Tezpur. The nearest airport is at Tezpur (60 km) which has direct flights to Kolkata. The nearest railhead is at Guwahati.