Located in the state of Assam, Golaghat, an administrative district, is spread over an area of 3,502 sq km. Situated at an altitude of 100 metres above sea level; the catchment area of the destination is around 1,220 sq km. To the north of Golaghat lies River Brahmaputra and to the south lies the state of Nagaland. To the east it is bounded by Jorhat District while Karbi Anglong and Nagaon District are located to its west.
Golaghat has derived its name from two words Gola meaning market and Ghat meaning the port of transport. This name originated during the mid 19th century from the markets that were located at the bank of the river Dhansiri. These markets were established by Marwaris, who belonged to the business class.
When the British took over Assam, the Doyang-Dhansiri valley in 1846 was included under the Golaghat subdivision of Sibsagar District. In addition, the destination also played a crucial role in the freedom struggle of India. Some of the eminent freedom fighters like Kushal Konwar, Kamala Miri, Dwariki Das, Gaurilal Jain, Ganga Ram Bormedhi, Shri Tara Prasad Barooah and Rajendra Nath Barua, among others, were from Golaghat.
Besides holding an important position in the freedom struggle of India, the destination is also known for its rich art and culture. Some of the important contributions made by literary intellects to Assamese culture are from this district. One of the most prominent writers of 19th century, Hem Chandra Barua belongs to this place. He was the writer of first Assamese dictionary, which is known as Hemkosh. The first Central Minister of Assam, who has the credit of translating William Shakespeare's The Comedy of Errors into the Assamese language, also belongs to Golaghat.
One of the major attractions of the district is Kaziranga National Park, which partly lies in Golaghat District and Nagaon District. Established in 1908 as a game reserve, this park acquired the status of national park in 1974. In addition, the park was recognised as World Heritage Site by UNESCO in 1985. Garampani, Negheriting Shiv Mandir and Deopahar Ruins are some of the prominent attractions of the destination.
Flights, buses and trains are available for travelling to Golaghat District. However, the destination does not have its own airport and is served by the Rowriah Airport. It is situated in Jorhat at a distance of 55 km from the destination.
Tourists travelling by trains are served by Furkating Railway Station, which is one of the major railheads located within the destination. This station is located at a distance of approximately 12 km from Golaghat. Buses can be boarded to Golaghat from nearby places, most of which terminate at Assam State Transport Corporation (ASTC) Bus Stand.
The months from November to April are considered as the best time to visit Golaghat.