Pasighat is the oldest town as well as the headquarters of East Siang District in the State of Arunachal Pradesh, founded in 1911 A.D. The town is situated 155 metres above sea level and is also known as the Gateway of Arunachal Pradesh. The town has derived its name from the tribes of the place namely Pasis.
Pasighat is a small town with a total population of around 78000 people. It experiences a hot and humid climate during summers and a temperate climate during winters, making its winters the best time to visit the place. The vast river of Brahmaputra, also called the Siang, transcends down to this town from Tibet. The place is also a photographers delight for comprising abundant sceneries of nature.
The foundation of Pasighat opened gateways for the British to the administrative convenience of the greater Abor Hills. It also became the settlement point of Pasi and Minyong communities, who still reside in its villages. 2011 marked the 100 years of existence of this small town.
The jurisdiction of Pasighat was formed due to the Anglo-Abor War, which was fought in 1912. The establishment of Pasighat led to the commencement of the first ever administrative headquarter in the place. Pasighat was credited with an Airfield near Paglek in the year 1946. After independence, the first Agricultural Institute of Arunachal Pradesh was also established in Pasighat in the year 1950.
Agriculture is the main occupation of the local people of Pasighat and rice is the main foodcrop produced here. There are also several large tea gardens in the premises of the town, which attracts workers from all over the region. Lumbering was also a big industry in the town in the nineties. Agriculture, horticulture and tourism form the main part of the economy of this town.
The Daying Ering Wild Life Sanctuary and the Pangin are the most popular places to visit in the town. The Daying Ering Wild Life Sanctuary is a popular sanctuary of Pasighat as well as the meeting point of Dihang and Lohit rivers with the Brahmaputra. The Pangin is located at 60 km from Pasighat and situated at the point where river Siom meets river Siang.
Pasighat is well connected with other states of India through rail, road and air. The nearest airports to this town include Dibrugarh (Mohanbari), and Guwahati in Assam. From Dibrugarh and Itanagar, helicopter i.e. Pawan Hans flights are available for travellers. Its nearest railway station, Murkong Selek, is at a distance of 35 km from the city.