The district of Srikakulam lies in the southern province of Andhra Pradesh. It shares boundaries with Vizianagaram, Orissa and Bay of Bengal on the east. A major part of the district is covered by forests falling under the Eastern Ghats running from the north-east. The water streams such as Vamshadhara, Tanaya, Nagavali and Mahendra flow through the district.
Earlier, this region was known as Uttarandhra, Kalingandhra, Chicacole and Gulshanabad. A part of the Kalinga Kingdom for over 800 years, the region was also served by the Gajapati Kingdom of Orissa during the medieval era. Srikakulam remained a centre of revenue collection for the Nizams of Hyderabad.
The Nizams of Hyderabad entrusted Gulshanabad along with Rajahmundry, Eluru and Mustafanagar to French imperialists in 1753. Srikakulam was constituted as a municipality in 1857 under the British rule. The district board of Srikakulam was formed on 3 January 1951.
There are several temples and gardens in and around Srikakulam. Prominent is the temple of Sun God in Arasavalli, Indira Gandhi Park and Santhinagar Park. Srimukhalingam Temple, on the banks of River Vamsadhara is one of the ancient religious sites constructed during the 10th century.
Buddhist stupas in Salihundam, Kalingapatnam lighthouse and the plantations of Kaviti are noteworthy attractions. A distinguished culture and customs of tribal populace of the district is one of the chief highlights.
Srikakulam is well connected with various towns and cities of the country by a network of roadways, railways and airways. Vishakapatnam, at a distance of 105 km has an airbase closest to the district headquarters. Besides, Srikakulam has a major railway station on Howrah-Chennai broad gauge line.
The district experiences tropical weather conditions as it situated in proximity to the Bay of Bengal. The ideal time to explore Srikakulam is during the months of October and November, when the climate becomes pleasant.