Ongole is one of the cities in Prakasam District in the state of Andhra Pradesh. Ongole is popular for the special breed of oxen called Ongole Gitta, which is one of the breeds of Zebu cattle.
The history of the city dates back to the Satavanahas and the Mauryan era. There are several testimonies in the form of inscriptions like China Ganjam belonging to the Satavanahas period. The region was also ruled by the Kakatiya Dynasty.
During the rule of the Satavanahas, Voderevu and Motupalli were the renowned port towns in the region. Besides, there are several inscriptions that date back to the 3rd and 4th centuries, belonging to the Pallava era. These inscriptions have described Ongole as the cultural and administrative centre of the region.
Ongole is known for breeding of short horn bulls, which resemble with the Nandi sculptures in the Hindu shrines. These bulls are found in a small region between rivers Gundlakamma and Musi and are associated with the Tharparkar breed of north-western India and Sind area of Pakistan.
Besides, there are several meditation centres in the region such as Achalananda Ashram, Kasi Visweswara Swamy Shrine and Manikeswaram. Along with this, Kothapatnam Beach and Voderevu are popular tourist attractions.
The township in Andhra Pradesh can be reached by several transportation mediums such as air, rail and road. Rajiv Gandhi International Airport of Hyderabad is the closest airbase to the town at a distance of 335 km. The railway station of Ongole is connected with all the major cities across the nation. State corporations render bus services from various locations to reach the destination.
The ideal time to explore Ongole is during the winter months extending from November to March.