Hindupur is the second largest town of Anantpur district, in the state of Karnataka. Located on the banks of Penner River, this town has an average elevation of 621 m. It is situated at a distance of 14 km from Lepakshi and about 100 km away from the state capital of Bengaluru.
Hindupur is also one of the two towns marking the border between the states of Andhra Pradesh and Karnataka, the other being Koratagere taluk. The parliamentary constituency of Hindupur is a Special grade 1 municipality.
The town is believed to have got its name from Murari Rao, a Maratha Chieftain, who christened it as 'Hindupur' in remembrance of his father Hindoji Rao, or King Hindurao. As per The Imperial Gazetteer of India, Hindupur was a taluk of Anantpur district in Madras province encompassing 74 villages. The native languages of the town are Telugu and Urdu, but Kannada is also spoken widely.
More than 50 masjids are housed within Hindupur as the town is dominated by Muslim population. However, the town has gained prominence as a busy business centre and is particularly famous for its jewellery and gold merchants.
Hindupur is also famous for a variety of goods like silk, jaggery, iron, ruby, sapphire and sugar. Developing in terms of tourism, this town is easily accessible by air from Bengaluru's International Airport (70 km). Rail and roads also directly link Hindupur to different cities of the state and country. The best season to visit Hindupur is from October through March.