The municipal corporation of Eluru is situated in the state of Andhra Pradesh, which is also the headquarters of the West Godavari District. This small city is located on the main National Highway (NH-5), which connects it with major cities like Vishakapatnam and Vijayawada. Eluru is situated at around 333 km from the state capital Hyderabad.
In April 2005, the Government of Andhra Pradesh upgraded Eluru to the status of a municipal corporation. This city is located at an average elevation of over 22 metres and was previously known as Helapuri, which has a rich political and cultural history. It was once the capital city of Vishnukundinas and is well-known among tourists for the Kolleru Lake.
Helapuri was also part of Vengi, which was an ancient Buddhist kingdom. From 700 AD to 1200 AD, Vengi was ruled by the Eastern Chalukyas. Their capital was situated near the Pedavegi village, which was an integral part of the Chalukya Kingdom, along with the town of Guntupalli. Until 1471 AD, Helapuri was under the rule of the Kalinga Empire, which was annexed by the Gajapatis.
This kingdom was thereafter captured by Sri Krishnadevaraya, who was a famous ruler during the Vijayanagara rule. After the decline of the Vijayanagara Kingdom, this region was ruled by the Sultan of Golkonda, Qutub Shah. The regions surrounding Eluru were later on merged with the Madras Presidency by the British.
At the time of dividing Northern Circars, the city of Eluru was made part of the Machilipatnam District. In 1859, Eluru became part of the Godavari District and in 1925, a new district named West Godavari was formed with its district headquarters at Eluru city. The closest airbase from Eluru is situated in the capital city of Hyderabad, which is a major airport of the state. Vishakapatnam Airport is the other nearby airport from Eluru, which is located at about 330 km from the city.
Vijayawada Railway Station is a major railhead that connects the destination with several places across India. This railway station is situated at a distance of around 72 km from Eluru and connected to the main city by buses and taxis. Eluru city also has its own railway station, which is served by trains from Hyderabad, Vishakapatnam and Vijayawada.
Summers in Eluru are very hot and not the ideal time to visit. The winter season, which extends from December through February, is the best time to visit Eluru.