Adoni is situated in Kurnool district and located on the border of Andhra Pradesh and Karnataka. It is renowned as a commercial town and is famous for its textile mills. During the British rule, it was considered as an important business hub.
Due to its huge production of cotton and big market yard, it is known as the Town of Cotton or Grain Market of South India. It is popular for arts and crafts along with the famous fort of Adoni.
The history of Adoni dates back to the Ramayana era. According to mythology, Sri Rama is believed to have ventured this place during Vanavasa. Adoni was ruled by the Yadavas in the 16th century. At that time, it was known as Yadavagiri.
The city then changed into Adavani when it came under the control of an Islamic ruler. Later, the name of the city was converted to Adoni. Muslims ruled the town until 1792 and the rule was ended by the war between the British East India Company and Tipu Sultan. Adoni was in Bellary district of the Madras presidency under the rule of the British government.
The major tourist attractions of this place are Adoni fort, Jumma Masjid and Kaman Bavi. The fort, now in ruins, is located on a granite hill and was built about 300 years ago. Jumma Masjid is a fine piece of Muslim Architect. It was built by Madu Quadir, who was an Adil Shahi Governor, in 1680 AD.
Kaman Bavi or Kaman well, is another attraction of Adoni. It was constructed by Siddi Masud Khan, the Muslim Governor of Adoni. Apart from these, there are other attractions like Venkanna Bavi, Ranamandala Anjanaswamy Temple, Baichigeri Sai Baba Ashramam and Sri Mahayogi Laxmamma Avva Temple.
Adoni is located in the western part of Andhra Pradesh and is the second biggest town of Kurnool district. It is 300 km from Hyderabad and 494 km from Chennai by train. The nearest airport to Adoni is Hyderabad airport, which is 225 kilometre away. It is well connected to the important places of Kurnool districts by road.
The tropical climate of the city stays hot in the summer and moderately cool in winter. The best time to visit Adoni is between the months of October to March.